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Wishing You A Happy Thanksgiving

“As we express our gratitude, we must never forget that the highest appreciation is not to utter words, but to live by them.” –  John F. Kennedy

 

2

 

Wishing our readers a happy, healthy, safe and joyous Thanksgiving,

Lina, Louis, Rich, Ernest, Julia and Judy and the entire the BNI team-family.

How Confidential Are Our Medical Records Really?

confidential medical records

1. Introduction To Healthcare Privacy

Since the introduction of the federal Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA), many people presume, incorrectly, that all or most of the medical information that they have provided to medical professionals, insurance companies or employers is protected.

The fact of the matter is that individuals often trade confidentiality in return for things such as insurance coverage, employment opportunities, government benefits, or work site health and safety investigations.

 

2. What types of health and medical information exist?

Health professionals create medical records when they treat patients that generally include medical history, lifestyle details (such as smoking or involvement in high-risk sports), and family medical history. These records may also  contain  lab results, medications prescribed and surgeries.

Health and medical information is also collected from individuals when they apply for disability, life, or accident insurance through private insurers or government programs.

Additionally, individuals often generate health and medical-related information themselves via online research, joining support groups and using mobile apps , (zocdoc.com for example has the user provide significant medical details before scheduling an appointment with one of their participating providers).

3. Who may have access to health and medical information?

a. HIPAA covered entities and their business associates

Healthcare providers, health plans, and healthcare clearinghouses have access to medical records and health information but are also required to comply with HIPAA.

b. Insurance companies

Insurance companies usually require individuals to release records before they will issue a policy or make a payment under an existing policy. Most insurance companies must comply with HIPAA as health plans, but certain types of insurers are not required to comply with HIPAA.

It is important to also your state laws. To find the applicable state’s insurance department, visit the. National Association of Insurance Commissioners website.

c. The Medical Information Bureau

The Medical Information Bureau (MIB Group, Inc.) is a database of medical information shared by life and health insurance companies.

  • The MIB is subject to HIPAA as a business associate of its member health insurance companies.
  • MIB files do not include the totality of one’s medical records as held by a health care provider. Rather it consists of codes signifying certain health conditions.
  • A decision on whether to insure is not supposed to be based solely on the MIB report.

The MIB does not have a file on everyone, and won’t have information on someone who has not applied for individually underwritten life or health insurance in the last seven years. However, people who believe they have an MIB file will want to be sure it is correct.

Individuals can obtain a copy for free once a year by calling (866) 692-6901 or ordering it through MIB’s website.

d. Prescription drug database companies

Two companies, Milliman (IntelliScript) and Ingenix (MedPoint) buy prescription information from pharmacy benefit managers (PBMs) and compile it into reports.  They sell these prescription drug purchase history reports to insurance companies.

e. Financial institutions

Financial transactions are likely to reveal information about where an individual goes for healthcare. This kind of information is not covered under HIPAA. However, the federal Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act (GLB) requires financial institutions to notify individuals of information-sharing practices and provide an opt out for certain third party sharing.

f. Government agencies

Government agencies on all levels (local, state, and federal) may request or receive certain types of health or medical information. For example, government agencies may request medical records or information to verify claims a person makes through Medicare, MediCal, Social Security Disability, and Workers Compensation.

g. Educational institutions

Educational institutions may have records that contain vaccination histories, information about physical examination for sports, counseling for behavioral problems, and records of visits to the school nurse among other things. Privacy of education records is under the control of the U.S. Department of Education and the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA).  HIPAA does not cover education records.  For more information about FERPA, visit the Department of Education’s website on FERPA.

h. The court system and law enforcement

When a person is involved in litigation, an administrative hearing, or a worker’s compensation hearing and his or her medical condition is an issue, the relevant parts of a medical record may be introduced in court.

In addition, law enforcement officials may receive health information in situations such as an instance of abuse, a death, a gunshot or stabbing.

If records are for a legal proceeding, they become a part of public record. Individuals should consult legal counsel for more information.

i. Employers

Employers usually obtain medical information about their employees by asking employees to authorize disclosure of medical records. This can occur in several ways not covered by HIPAA. Depending on state law, employers may have to establish procedures to keep employee medical records confidential. Employees should ask prospective employers about the company’s medical records privacy policy.

j. Marketers and data brokers

Health- and medical-related information may be passed on to marketers and data brokers when individuals participate in informal health screenings or otherwise voluntarily release information in a situation that doesn’t fall under HIPAA or stronger state law.

k. Websites and mobile applications

A tremendous amount of health-related information is available on the Internet. Many sites and discussion forums are available for individuals to share information on specific diseases and health conditions. Websites dispense a wide variety of information, but they also collect a wide variety of information. There is no guarantee of confidentiality when a site isn’t subject to medical privacy laws (and most aren’t).

Personal Health Records (PHRs). PHRs allow consumers to store, manage, and share their health information.  Individuals manage their own PHRs which is what distinguishes them from electronic health records (EHR) that a health care provider controls and populates. Various companies offer PHRs, and features vary.  However many PHRs offer individuals the ability to store and transmit medical history information, prescription information, test results and imaging, drug alerts, immunization records, and treatment plans.
These types of aggregated electronic health records pose a number of privacy risks, here are a few:

  • HIPAA and/or state health privacy laws may not apply to a PHR.
  • The website operator could be asked to turn over customer records as part of a legal proceeding.
  • Website privacy policies are subject to change.

The World Privacy Forum’s Personal Health Records Page contains helpful information.

l. Anyone else to whom an individual reveals the information

It is important for individuals to understand HIPAA’s limits.  The best policy is ask questions and do a little research before revealing health or medical information.   There are many instances in which people create or release health or medical information and there are no applicable privacy laws.  In these cases, it is best to look for and understand any relevant privacy policies the person or company has agreed to follow.

The bottom line is become an informed medical consumer.  For the sake of expediency, we often provide access to our health information and that may be a mistake that cannot be corrected should that data become involved in any sort of civil or criminal proceeding or funds (disability, death benefits…) determination.  Research before you release your private medical records.

BNI Operatives: Street smart; info savvy

As always, stay safe.

 

 

 

Best Day of the Week To…

It’s not magic – just people science.  Believe it or not, you can save a lot of money (and time) by doing certain things on certain days.

Our research combed the records of numerous publications from Forbes to USA Today and below are our results for the  best days:

 

For traveling by plane

Wednesday is the best day of the week to buy airline tickets.

 

For moving
Tuesday and Wednesday are the best days to move (…and save the most money).

 

For staying in a hotel
Sunday is the best day to get a good rate on a hotel room.

 

For hiring new employees
Wednesday is the best day of the week to post a job ad.

 

For firing old employees
Friday is the best day of the week to terminate an employee.

 

For food shopping
Sunday is the best day of the week to buy groceries.

 

For selling things on eBay
Sunday is the best day of the week to start & end eBay auctions.

 

For buying a car
Monday is the best day to buy a new car (especially on the last day of the month in September, October, or November).

 

For getting gas
Sunday is the best day of the week to fill up your gas tank.

 

For asking for a raise
Friday is the best day of the week to ask for a raise.

 

For going to a theme park
Monday is the best day of the week to go to Busch Gardens …and other theme parks.

 

For introducing a new product online
Tuesday is the best day of the week to go “live” with a new computer product or version.

 

 

For having a car wash...
Saturday is the best day of the week to have a car wash.

 

For having a yard sale or garage sale...
Sunday is the best day of the week to have a garage sale or yard sale.

 

For hosting a children’s party
Friday is the best day of the week to host kids parties.

 

For finding a job
Monday is the best day of the week to search for jobs.

 

For scheduling surgery
Tuesday is the best day of the week to have surgery.

 

For shopping for sales in Paris
Monday is the best day to find bargains in Paris.

 

For sending email
Sunday is the best day of the week to send email to your constituents …unless you have more than 5,000 constituents.

 

For getting married
Wednesday is the best day to get married.

 

For traveling
Saturday is the best day of the week to travel.

 

For family members
Sunday is the best day of the week to post an obituary.

 

 

For writers
Thursday is the best day of the week to launch a new book.

 

For podcasting...
Tuesday is the best day of the week to post a new podcast.

 

For getting publicity
Sunday is the best day of the week to try to get free publicity through TV news programs.

 

For shopping online
Monday is the best day of the week for online shopping.

 

For buying clothes
Thursday evening is the best day to buy new clothes.

 

For finding department store bargains
Saturday night is the best day of the week to shop at department stores.

 

For buying stocks
Friday is the best day of the week to buy stocks.

 

BNI Operatives: Street smart; info savvy.

As always, stay safe.

 

Charities Review: 25 Top Charities, Part II of II

Rounding out our two-part series on charities evaluation, this week we bring you the opposite of last week’s  report on the top 25 worst charities with the top 25 Best Charities in terms of Return on Donation (ROD), i.e. how much of your donation actually goes to the intended purpose/person rather than the costs of solicitation.

The below list was prepared (and reprinted with permission) from Forbes:

Values calculated November 2013

Rank Name Private Support ($mil) Total Revenue ($mil) Fundraising Efficiency (%)  
1

United Way

3,926 4,260 91
2

Salvation Army

1,885 4,078 89
3

Task Force for Global Health

1,660 1,664 100
4

Feeding America

1,511 1,554 98
5

Catholic Charities USA

1,447 4,393 95
6

Goodwill Industries International

949 4,895 97
7

Food for the Poor

891 900 97
8

American Cancer Society

889 925 76
9

The Y-YMCA

827 6,240 85
10

World Vision

826 1,014 87
11

St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital

802 972 83
12

Boys & Girls Clubs of America

699 1,573 87
13

American National Red Cross

687 3,118 75
14

Habitat for Humanity International

674 1,492 83
15

Feed the Children

614 618 94
16

Compassion International

596 599 91
17

Nature Conservancy

536 797 84
18

AmeriCares Foundation

525 526 98
19

American Heart Association

511 618 84
20

Campus Crusade for Christ

503 548 91
21

United States Fund for UNICEF

498 502 93
22

Direct Relief

392 392 100
23

Mayo Clinic

380 3,739 92
24

Lutheran Services in America

373 20,980 81
25

CARE USA

369 558 94

Charities Revealed: 25 Worst Charities, Part I of II

Donation Box, concept of Donation

With the holidays just around the proverbial corner, out comes that big end of year push by the majority of charities to meet their annual  fundraising goals.  Aggressive pursuit of charitable donations is a good, honorable thing – if effective.  Americans, and people worldwide, are known for their big hearts, in times of urgency and in general.  And give we do.  To the tune of nearly a billion dollars annually.  But is this generosity really meeting the needs of the causes we support?

The most accurate measure available to us is that of Return on Donation; ROD –  the comparison of monies raised v. monies spent on solicitation of those charitable contributions.  Below is a list of the nation’s top (worst?) charities as determined by this analysis and as we can clearly see, often the charity is still operating just to exist. The intended recipients of these charities are not benefiting from the monies collected on their behalf.  (America’s Worst Charities is the result of a yearlong collaboration between the Tampa Bay Times and the California-based Center for Investigative Reporting, the nation’s largest and longest-serving nonprofit newsroom dedicated to watchdog journalism. CNN joined the partnership in March 2013.)

THE 25 WORST CHARITIES, RANKED BY MONEY SPENT ON SOLICITING COSTS

Totals from the latest 10 years of available federal tax filings

Rank Charity name Total raised by solicitors Paid to solicitors % spent on direct cash aid
1 Kids Wish Network $127.8 million $109.8 million 2.5%
2 Cancer Fund of America $98.0 million $80.4 million 0.9%
3 Children’s Wish Foundation International $96.8 million $63.6 million 10.8%
4 American Breast Cancer Foundation $80.8 million $59.8 million 5.3%
5 Firefighters Charitable Foundation $63.8 million $54.7 million 8.4%
6 Breast Cancer Relief Foundation $63.9 million $44.8 million 2.2%
7 International Union of Police Associations, AFL-CIO $57.2 million $41.4 million 0.5%
8 National Veterans Service Fund $70.2 million $36.9 million 7.8%
9 American Association of State Troopers $45.0 million $36.0 million 8.6%
10 Children’s Cancer Fund of America $37.5 million $29.2 million 5.3%
11 Children’s Cancer Recovery Foundation $34.7 million $27.6 million 0.6%
12 Youth Development Fund $29.7 million $24.5 million 0.8%
13 Committee For Missing Children $26.9 million $23.8 million 0.8%
14 Association for Firefighters and Paramedics $23.2 million $20.8 million 3.1%
15 Project Cure (Bradenton, FL) $51.5 million $20.4 million 0.0%
16 National Caregiving Foundation $22.3 million $18.1 million 3.5%
17 Operation Lookout National Center for Missing Youth $19.6 million $16.1 million 0.0%
18 United States Deputy Sheriffs’ Association $23.1 million $15.9 million 0.6%
19 Vietnow National Headquarters $18.1 million $15.9 million 2.9%
20 Police Protective Fund $34.9 million $14.8 million 0.8%
21 National Cancer Coalition $41.5 million $14.0 million 1.1%
22 Woman To Woman Breast Cancer Foundation $14.5 million $13.7 million 0.4%
23 American Foundation For Disabled Children $16.4 million $13.4 million 0.8%
24 The Veterans Fund $15.7 million $12.9 million 2.3%
25 Heart Support of America $33.0 million $11.0 million 3.4%

Keep your hearts open – just ensure a viable ROD for your contribution.  To that end, next week in Charities Revealed, we bring you a well-researched list of the top 25 Best Charities, again, in terms of Return on Donation, ROD.

BNI Operatives: Street smart; info savvy.

As always, stay safe.

 

 

Happy Columbus Day!

columbus day

Special Edition: How Likely Are You To Contract Ebola? Become Informed.

This morning’s death in Texas of Mr. Thomas Eric Duncan,  marks the first death (ever) from Ebola in America.  Mr. Duncan, a Liberian man who had traveled to Texas to visit family, was the first person to be diagnosed with the disease while in the U.S. and became the first person to die of the disease in the U.S.   Before widespread panic sets in, let’s look at the facts.

How contagious is Ebola?

ebola r

Hopefully, the CDC’s optimism is called for in that the congation-effect of Ebola all comes down to something called “R0.”

The reproduction number, or “R nought,” is a mathematical term that tells you how contagious an infectious disease is. Specifically, it’s the number of people who catch the disease from one sick person, on average, in an outbreak.*

Take, for example, measles. The virus is one of the most contagious diseases known to man. It’s R0 sits around 18. That means each person with the measles spreads it to 18 people, on average, when nobody is vaccinated. (When everyone is vaccinated, the R0 drops to essentially zero for measles).

And that brings us back to Ebola. Despite its nasty reputation, the virus’s R0 really isn’t that impressive. It typically sits around 1.5 to 2.0.

Even in the current epidemic in West Africa, where the virus has been out of control, each person who has gotten sick has spread Ebola to only about two others, on average.Why is that?

Many factors contribute to the R0, such as how long you’re infectious** and how many virus particles are needed to make another person sick.

Now at this point, you’re probably thinking, “OK. But an R0 of 2 is nothing to brush off.” You’re right. R0 of 2 means one person infects two people, who then infect four people, then eight, 16, 32 — the numbers go up fast.

But that isn’t likely to happen in a place with a good public health system, a first world country because people with Ebola aren’t contagious until they show symptoms.

Ebola virus disease

Fact sheet N°103
Updated September 2014


Key facts

  • Ebola virus disease (EVD), formerly known as Ebola haemorrhagic fever, is a severe, often fatal illness in humans.
  • The virus is transmitted to people from wild animals and spreads in the human population through human-to-human transmission.
  • The average EVD case fatality rate is around 50%. Case fatality rates have varied from 25% to 90% in past outbreaks.
  • The first EVD outbreaks occurred in remote villages in Central Africa, near tropical rainforests, but the most recent outbreak in west Africa has involved major urban as well as rural areas.
  • Community engagement is key to successfully controlling outbreaks. Good outbreak control relies on applying a package of interventions, namely case management, surveillance and contact tracing, a good laboratory service, safe burials and social mobilisation.
  • Early supportive care with rehydration, symptomatic treatment improves survival. There is as yet no licensed treatment proven to neutralise the virus but a range of blood, immunological and drug therapies are under development.
  • There are currently no licensed Ebola vaccines but 2 potential candidates are undergoing evaluation.

    Background

    The Ebola virus causes an acute, serious illness which is often fatal if untreated. Ebola virus disease (EVD) first appeared in 1976 in 2 simultaneous outbreaks, one in Nzara, Sudan, and the other in Yambuku, Democratic Republic of Congo. The latter occurred in a village near the Ebola River, from which the disease takes its name.

    The current outbreak in west Africa, (first cases notified in March 2014), is the largest and most complex Ebola outbreak since the Ebola virus was first discovered in 1976. There have been more cases and deaths in this outbreak than all others combined. It has also spread between countries starting in Guinea then spreading across land borders to Sierra Leone and Liberia, by air (via travelers.

    The most severely affected countries, Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia have very weak health systems, lacking human and infrastructural resources, having only recently emerged from long periods of conflict and instability. On August 8, the WHO Director-General declared this outbreak a Public Health Emergency of International Concern.

    A separate, unrelated Ebola outbreak began in Boende, Equateur, an isolated part of the Democratic Republic of Congo.

     

    =============================================================================================

    At the time of this article, a second case of Ebola is suspected in Texas.  A sheriff’s deputy, said to have served the warrant (for physical possession of the victim) to Mr. Duncan’s home prior to his death, is now under watch for the deadly virus.  We will keep you posted.

BNI Operatives: Street smart; info savvy.

As always, stay safe.

Subject Locates: Successful Searches v. Expensive Failures

One of the most common assignments we receive is for a subject locate.  Usually generated from attorneys, insurance companies, financial institutions (as, as you know, we do not work for individuals), we are often asked to locate:

- Adverse Witnesses

- Cooperative Witnesses

- Debtors

- Clients

- Heirs

- Etc.

The difference between a successful locate and an expensive failure is how much attention and care is given to a case.  Obvious, right?  But it has to be the right attention, which is a tight focus, and the proper care; to detail.

The starting point in a successful locate is to gather as much information from the originating requestor as possible:

Name: AKAs, Extensions (Jr., III, MD, Esq…), Maiden form, prior marriage form

Address: Last known contact date at this address, form of contact, (e.g. mail, phone… ), contact outcome, ( i.e. returned mail, no response, etc.).

Phone Number:  Last known phone number, cell, landline, Skype, other  VOIP (internet phone).

Personal identifiers: DOB, SSN, TIN, DL#, Medicare/caid recipient? School i.d.?

Contacts: Family, friends, employers, coworkers

Prior lawsuits: If known.  To include class of involvement (e.g., plaintiff, defendant, petitioner…)

Civil records: Is/was the subject married, divorced? Has s/he declared bankruptcy or have judgments, liens… against him/her?

Criminal records:  Almost every state now allows for an inmate lookup.  (If a person is missing for a considerable period of time, there are only so many scenarios, short of a bizarre abduction, to account for this disappearance: a move, death or incarceration.)

A good investigator will then form a profile of the missing subject and conduct an address history search which will generally yield a pattern.  (We’ll get to that in the next para.)  The address history may not contain the subject’s current address. (All databases, from DMVs to privately held, fee-based information companies operate within the limitations of data input regularity.  The subject may not release his/her most current address to an agency.  P.O. box registration is no assurance of a current address either.  If it is a planned moved, one simply has to apply and receive the P.O. box prior to moving and generate forwarding from the old address.)

Having created the profile, the investigator now looks for the pattern.  Is the subject constantly relocating?  Staying within a certain geographical area?  Is s/he beholden to a mortgage?   Has s/he foreclosed?  An address history search will also almost always reveal family member information.

Once the profile and pattern have been formed and detected, the investigator must decide on a course of action. The approach will determine if the locate will be successful.   Each investigator has his/her own technique but there is a different methodology applied between “friendly” locates and those involving people who’ve intentionally chosen to stay or go off the grid.   A sharp investigator will know how to entice a friendly subject and not tip off an adverse one.   That knowledge comes with experience and skill and a great deal of curiosity.

As a final step, an investigator may have to physically check an address to verify the subject’s address.  By arriving to this point, all other methods of locating have been exhausted but valuable knowledge on the  subject gained. (The location should be thoroughly researched before heading out to the field.  Showing up on a private road on 2 acres of land in the middle of nowhere is usually not going to result in a productive session.  Suggestion: Google Earth.  There should also be an established strategy to observe the location, discreetly,  within a restricted time span of when the subject’s presence is most anticipated.  If covert observation is not possible, the game plan must be thought out prior to, and include at least Plans A, B and C. )   Below; lack of a plan:

Finally, if your investigator returns with an address, ask that it be “verified”.  If there is  no confirmation that the subject is at the reported location, and the requestor is not made aware of the nonverification, a costly situation for the requestor may result, financially and with regard to negotiation stance.   If  the locate results are not verifiable, (and that occurs, although that number should be in the single digits, percentage-wise, in a competent investigator’s record), the requester will at least have that knowledge with which to make decisions.

Our operatives: A step ahead.

As always, stay safe.

Municipal ID Cards: Coming Soon To Your City

Oakland ID card

(Our focus in this piece is on the NYC municipal ID card but as there has been no decision yet as to what it will look like, we are representing the ID image with a generic Oakland muni-card ID, [Oakland City ID].  Interestingly, the Oakland IDs are paired with Mastercard.)

A municipal identification card is a form of ID card issued by a municipality, such as a city, rather than a state or federal government.

Under federal law, cities may issue their own identification cards as they see fit, and do not have to consider the immigration or criminal status of an applicant before doing so.  New Haven, Connecticut issued the first municipal ID cards in the United States, the Elm City Resident Card, in 2007.    San Francisco followed suit in 2009 and now, other cities that issue municipal ID cards include Oakland, California,  Asbury Park, New Jersey, and Washington, D.C. (DC One Card).   The municipal ID card is intended to help people to access city services and enter city buildings.

Now jumps in NYC’s Mayor DeBlasio who signed the bill authorizing municipal ID cards in July of this year. The cards are supposed to be available early next year, at which point New York will undoubtedly leapfrog New Haven and San Francisco in having the largest municipal ID program in the country.

NYC officials are negotiating with banks, stores, restaurants and cultural institutions to also recognize the municipal ID cards, but have offered few examples where the card would be accepted.  The  January 2015 roll-out of the NYC municipal cards is anticipated to be utilized by 500,000 immigrants of varying legal resident status.

The program will be run by the city’s Human Resources agency. Applications for the card will be available online as well as at enrollments sites around the city, like the public libraries.

Several questions immediately leap to mind:

1. What is the identification verification criteria and process?

2. Will the NYC muni-IDs be valid outside of the metro NYC area? (E.g.: If NYC follows Oakland’s lead and multi-purposes these IDs to serve as pre-paid debit cards, will they be accepted in outer-borough banking facilities?)

3. Will these muni-IDs be linked to benefits? (Medical, personal welfare programs, education…)  If so, ill they be accepted on a federal level as a form of identification?

I believe it is necessary for all people to have access to financial, social and educational programs;  these days, however, security is also a major concern.   NYC’s municipal identification card agenda bears watching.

BNI Operatives: Street smart; info savvy.

As always, stay safe.

Yahoo and Google Data Availability to Law Enforcement & For Legal Process

email magnifying glass

 

As we’ve surmised by now, Lois Lerner’s missing emails exist – somewhere.  There’s also now the availability of cloud hosting, a method of saving your email on the net that allows you 24/7  access from any remote location.  So, do you really know what happens to all of your subscription information, emails, attachments, etc., once you shut down an email account?  What if your information is requested by law enforcement or in anticipation of litigation?   What is the legal process in such a case?

We’ve conducted research into data retention by the two major service providers: Yahoo and Google:

YAHOO

yahoo data save

Compliance With Law Enforcement:    PRESERVATION

Will Yahoo! preserve information?

Yahoo! will preserve subscriber/customer information for 90 days. Yahoo! will preserve information  for an additional 90-day period upon receipt of a request to extend the preservation.   If Yahoo! does not receive formal legal process for the preserved information before the end of the  preservation period, the preserved information may be deleted when the preservation period expires.

 

GOOGLE

What kinds of data do you disclose for different products?

To answer that, let’s look at four services from which government agencies in the U.S. commonly request information: Gmail, YouTube, Google Voice and Blogger. Here are examples of the types of data we may be compelled to disclose, depending on the ECPA legal process, the scope of the request, and what is requested and available. If we believe a request is overly broad, we will seek to narrow it.

Gmail
Subpoena:

  • Subscriber registration information (e.g., name, account creation information, associated email addresses, phone number)
  • Sign-in IP addresses and associated time stamps

Court Order:

  • Non-content information (such as non-content email header information)
  • Information obtainable with a subpoena

Search Warrant:

  • Email content
  • Information obtainable with a subpoena or court order
YouTube
Subpoena:

  • Subscriber registration information
  • Sign-in IP addresses and associated time stamps

Court Order:

  • Video upload IP address and associated time stamp
  • Information obtainable with a subpoena

Search Warrant:

  • Copy of a private video and associated video information
  • Private message content
  • Information obtainable with a subpoena or court order
Google Voice
Subpoena:

  • Subscriber registration information
  • Sign-up IP address and associated time stamp
  • Telephone connection records
  • Billing information

Court Order:

  • Forwarding number
  • Information obtainable with a subpoena

Search Warrant:

  • Stored text message content
  • Stored voicemail content
  • Information obtainable with a subpoena or court order
Blogger
Subpoena:

  • Blog registration page
  • Blog owner subscriber information

Court Order:

  • IP address and associated time stamp related to a specified blog post
  • IP address and associated time stamp related to a specified post comment
  • Information obtainable with a subpoena

Search Warrant:

  • Private blog post and comment content
  • Information obtainable with a subpoena or court order

Note about general Gmail retention:  Even if you Purge your Trash email or shut down your gmail account, your email remains available for recovery for 20 days beyond when the mail is deleted or the account closed.

Please feel welcome to contact us with more specific questions regarding data retrieval from these two major service providers (and lesser used ISPs w/unique data product.)

BNI Operatives: Street smart; info savvy.

As always, stay safe.

 

 

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