One of the most common assignments we receive is for a subject locate. Usually generated from attorneys, insurance companies, financial institutions (as, as you know, we do not work for individuals), we are often asked to locate:
- Adverse Witnesses
- Cooperative Witnesses
The difference between a successful locate and an expensive failure is how much attention and care is given to a case. Obvious, right? But it has to be the right attention, which is a tight focus, and the proper care; to detail.
The starting point in a successful locate is to gather as much information from the originating requestor as possible:
Name: AKAs, Extensions (Jr., III, MD, Esq…), Maiden form, prior marriage form
Address: Last known contact date at this address, form of contact, (e.g. mail, phone… ), contact outcome, ( i.e. returned mail, no response, etc.).
Phone Number: Last known phone number, cell, landline, Skype, other VOIP (internet phone).
Personal identifiers: DOB, SSN, TIN, DL#, Medicare/caid recipient? School i.d.?
Contacts: Family, friends, employers, coworkers
Prior lawsuits: If known. To include class of involvement (e.g., plaintiff, defendant, petitioner…)
Civil records: Is/was the subject married, divorced? Has s/he declared bankruptcy or have judgments, liens… against him/her?
Criminal records: Almost every state now allows for an inmate lookup. (If a person is missing for a considerable period of time, there are only so many scenarios, short of a bizarre abduction, to account for this disappearance: a move, death or incarceration.)
A good investigator will then form a profile of the missing subject and conduct an address history search which will generally yield a pattern. (We’ll get to that in the next para.) The address history may not contain the subject’s current address. (All databases, from DMVs to privately held, fee-based information companies operate within the limitations of data input regularity. The subject may not release his/her most current address to an agency. P.O. box registration is no assurance of a current address either. If it is a planned moved, one simply has to apply and receive the P.O. box prior to moving and generate forwarding from the old address.)
Having created the profile, the investigator now looks for the pattern. Is the subject constantly relocating? Staying within a certain geographical area? Is s/he beholden to a mortgage? Has s/he foreclosed? An address history search will also almost always reveal family member information.
Once the profile and pattern have been formed and detected, the investigator must decide on a course of action. The approach will determine if the locate will be successful. Each investigator has his/her own technique but there is a different methodology applied between “friendly” locates and those involving people who’ve intentionally chosen to stay or go off the grid. A sharp investigator will know how to entice a friendly subject and not tip off an adverse one. That knowledge comes with experience and skill and a great deal of curiosity.
As a final step, an investigator may have to physically check an address to verify the subject’s address. By arriving to this point, all other methods of locating have been exhausted but valuable knowledge on the subject gained. (The location should be thoroughly researched before heading out to the field. Showing up on a private road on 2 acres of land in the middle of nowhere is usually not going to result in a productive session. Suggestion: Google Earth. There should also be an established strategy to observe the location, discreetly, within a restricted time span of when the subject’s presence is most anticipated. If covert observation is not possible, the game plan must be thought out prior to, and include at least Plans A, B and C. ) Below; lack of a plan:
Finally, if your investigator returns with an address, ask that it be “verified”. If there is no confirmation that the subject is at the reported location, and the requestor is not made aware of the nonverification, a costly situation for the requestor may result, financially and with regard to negotiation stance. If the locate results are not verifiable, (and that occurs, although that number should be in the single digits, percentage-wise, in a competent investigator’s record), the requester will at least have that knowledge with which to make decisions.
Our operatives: A step ahead.
As always, stay safe.
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