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Profiling A Perpetrator & Distinguishing an M.O. From Signature

profile

NEW NEWS: IRS releases 2017 Standard Mileage Rates for Business: 

  • 53.5 cents per mile for business miles driven, down from 54 cents for 2016

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BEACON BULLETIN

Based on crime scene evidence, one basic method of characterizing  offenders divides them into three categories:

  • Organized offenders: These criminals are more sophisticated in their approach, and their crimes show evidence of planning. These types tend to be of average or better intelligence, employed, and in active social relationships such as with spouses and families. Even though they’re driven by their fantasies, they maintain enough control to avoid being impulsive. They prepare and even rehearse. They tend to target specific victims or types of victims and use control measures such as restraints to maintain victim compliance. They bring the tools they need to gain access to and control of the victim and avoid leaving behind evidence. As killers, they generally hide or dispose of the body and are likely to have a dumpsite already selected.
  • Disorganized offenders: These criminals usually live alone or with a relative, possess lower-than-average intelligence, are unemployed or work at menial jobs, and often have mental illnesses. They act impulsively, or as if they have little control over their fantasy-driven needs. They rarely use ruses to gain the victim’s confidence, but rather attack with sudden violence, overwhelming the victim. The crime scene often is messy and chaotic. This type of offender doesn’t plan ahead or bring tools along, but rather uses whatever is handy. As killers, they typically leave the body at the scene and exert little effort to avoid leaving behind evidence. Some have sexual contact with the victim after killing him or her.
  • Mixed offenders: Some offenders leave behind mixed messages at crime scenes. They show evidence of planning and a sophisticated MO, but the assault itself may be frenzied or messy, which may indicate some control over deep-seated and violent fantasies.

Profilers have developed categories of descriptors, describe the types of individuals who commit the crimes. Some of the descriptors used in serial killer profiling are as follows:

  • Age: Most serial killers are in their 20s or 30s.
  • Sex: Almost all are male.
  • Race: Most don’t cross racial lines. That means, in general, White offenders kill Whites, while Black offenders kill Blacks.
  • Residency: Organized offenders may be married, have a family, and be well liked by their friends. Disorganized offenders, because of their mental instability and immaturity, tend to live alone or with a family member.
  • Proximity: The location of the perpetrator’s home in relationship to the crime scene is important. Most kill close to home, a factor that is particularly true with the first few victims. The area close to home is a comfort zone. With experience, however, the killer may move his predatory boundaries farther and farther from home.
  • Social skills: Killers who use a ruse to ensnare their victims, like Ted Bundy did, typically possess good social skills, whereas those who use a blitz-style attack are less comfortable with conversation.
  • Work and military histories: Organized offenders more often have a stable work history and are more likely to have left any military service with an honorable discharge. Disorganized offenders often are quite simply too unstable to hold a job in the long term or to complete military service.
  • Educational level: Organized offenders tend to have more schooling than their disorganized counterparts.

Using these descriptors, profilers can create a pretty good picture, or profile, of the type of person who likely committed the crime.

  • Method of entry
  • Tools that were used during the crime
  • Types of objects taken from the crime scene
  • Time of day the crime was committed
  • The perpetrator’s alibi
  • The perpetrator’s accomplices
  • Method of transportation to and from the scene
  • Unusual features of the crime, such as killing the family dog or leaving behind a note or object to taunt the police

In contrast to an MO, a signature is an act that has nothing to do with completing the crime or getting away with it. Signatures are important to the offender in some personal way. Torturing the victim, overkill, postmortem mutilation or posing, and the taking of souvenirs or trophies are signatures. These actions are driven by the killer’s psychological needs and fantasies.

Unlike an MO, a signature never changes. It may be refined over time, but the basic signature remains the same. For example, if a serial killer poses victims in a religious manner, praying or as a crucifix, details such as candles, crucifixes, or other ceremonial objects may be added later. The signature has changed, but its basic form and theme remain the same.

Obviously, a professional profiler should be contacted if you believe there is a need for such; the above is simply a broad explanation of criminal profiling.

BNI Operatives: Situationally aware.

As always, stay safe.

 

Anatomy of a Background Check; Information In An Initial Sweep.

background-check-2

With a fairly healthy dose of humor and an equal measure of alarm, I’ve listened, read, heard,  have been Tweeted, Facebooked and Tumblred to by representatives on all sides of the “gun control” (the gun has control – it is immobile and its product possesses kinetic energy only when put in motion) issue.  Almost all parties agree that an enhanced background check should be required for persons wishing to purchase firearms. That’s a throwaway sentiment.   How many people, besides those that have already been through a gun purchase background check, actually understand the process and the information contained in such a search?

We conduct background searches daily; the majority are on domestic subjects, and we also provide international services.  Our clients request background searches for a multitude of reasons ranging from pre-employment prerequisites, (I’ll get into the government-mandated employment eligibility program, EVerify, in another article. Althoug,h if you search the archives, I’ve already posted several on the matter.), to hiring a nanny to personal  financial stability of potential business partners. (We do not conduct background checks for purposes of investigating a potential personal partner, locating mistresses or suitability of a date.)

To follow is the bare bones information contained within a comprehensive check (the minimum required to possess a firearm, aside from the NCIC fingerprint and DNA checks):

COMPREHENSIVE BACKGROUND CHECK

DOE, ARMANDO J.

Subject Information:

Name: ARMANDO J. DOE

DOB: 5/20/1979

Age: 33

SSN: 123-45-6789 issued in New York between 5/20/1979 and 12/31/1979

Names Associated With Subject:

ARMAN DOE

ARMAND J. DOE

J. ARMANDO DOE

ARMAND JOHN DOE

A.J. DOE

Others Associated With Subjects SSN:

(DOES NOT indicate any type of fraud or deception)

THOMAS ROBERTSON DOB: 4/9/1967

================================================================

Address History:

135-23 122nd  ST, SOUTH OZONE PARK, NY 11420-2742                      (Jan 2011 – Dec 2012)

14-01 121st , COLLEGE POINT, NY 11356-3765                                          (Aug 2010 – Jan 2011)

P.O. BOX 5106, COLLEGE POINT, NY 11356-5106                                      (June 2007 – Dec 2012)

149-21 71ST ST, COLLEGE POINT, NY 11563-9823                                    (Feb 2003 – Nov 2008)

7 SUMMIT STREET, MALBA, NY , 11357-3476                                            (June 1990 – Mar 2006)

Information on Affiliated Addresses:

135-23 122nd  ST, SOUTH OZONE PARK, NY 11420-2742                      (Jan 2011 – Dec 2012)

Name Associated with Address:

ARMANDO J. DOE

Current Residents at Address:

ARMANDO J. DOE

DINA C. DOE

SARA DOE

718-555-1234   ARMANDO DOE

Property Ownership Information for this Address

Property:

Parcel Number – 50-40-21-09-1001

Book – 4761

Page – 1243

Owner Name:  SMITH, HERMAN

Owner Name 2: SMITH, ANNA LIA

Property Address: – 135-23 122nd  ST, SOUTH OZONE PARK, NY 11420-2742

Owner Address: 13247 SW 43RD ST,  PLANTATION,  FL 33309-2742

Sale Date – 02/03/2011

Sale Price – $320,000

Land Usage – MUTLI RES

Total Market Value – $438,850

Assessed Value – $438,850

Land Value – $100,950

Improvement Value – $118,010

Land Size – 16,789 Square Feet

Year Built – 2000

Seller Name: RIVINGTON, IAN & JANICE

Legal Description –  182-2400 B LOT 270

135-23 122nd  ST, SOUTH OZONE PARK, NY 11420-2742                      (Jan 2011 – Dec 2012)

Possible Properties Owned by Subject: 

Property: None found.

(THE REPORT CONTINUES LISTING ALL OF THE ABOVE INFORMATION – owner, owner address, sale date… – FOR EVERY ADDRESS ON RECORD FOR THE SUBJECT.)

Emails Associated W Subject:

AJDOE520@FLASH.NET

ARMANDOJD520@GMAIL.COM

ARMANDOJD05@HOTMAIL.COM

Phones Associated W Subject:

Name: ARMANDO DOE

Address: SOUTH OZONE PARK, NY 11420

Phone Number:  718-555-1234

Phone Type:  Landline

Carrier:  Verizon

Name: DINA C. DOE

Address: 135-23 122nd  ST, SOUTH OZONE PARK, NY 11420-2742

Phone Number:  347-555-9518

Phone Type:  Mobile

Carrier:  VERIZON WIRELESS

Criminal Record Profile:

 National Criminal Record Search (Felonies & Major Misdemeanors):

       New York Arrest Report:

              Name: DOE, ARMANDO J.

              SSN: 123-45-6789

              Address: 135-23 122nd  ST, SOUTH OZONE PARK, NY 

              State of Origin: New York

              County of Origin: Queens

              Case Type Description: Queens County(NY)Arrest

              Arrests: 

Arrest #1

Arrest Date: 09/21/2010

Arresting Agency:  109, NYPD

Arrest Disposition Date:06/29/2012

Court Fine:          Offense: INTENT DIST/2Nd

Agency Case #:2011-675835G

Arrest Level/Degree: FELONY

Arrest Disposition: BOOKED


(The arrest will undoubtedly carry several charges.  Possession, attempt to distribute, resisting arrest, etc.  Each arrest charge will be separately defined – from charge to disposition.)

       New York Department of Corrections:

              Name: ARMANDO J. DOE

              SSN: 123-45-6789

              State of Origin: NY

              Inmate Number: 137869

              DOB: 05/20/1979

              Race: WHITE

              Sex: Male

              Eyes: GREEN

              Height: 6′ 00″

              Weight: 205

              Case Number: 0529234

              Case Type Description: Department Of Correction, NY

              Latest Admission Date: 09/21/2010    

State Criminal Record Search (Felonies & Major Misdemeanors):

(Repeats the Nationwide Search and may include ACDs – Adjournment in Contemplation of Dismissal. In an ACD situation, the offender is on a conditional probation period of anywhere from six months to several years, depending on his/her criminal history.  If the person re-offends for any reason during this adjournment period, s/he can be re-arrested.  The follow up information will include every possible detail from co-defendant(s), arresting officers to court transciptionists to defense counsel/prosecutors to the presiding judges and every motion made on the case.  Per the number of arrests, this portion of a background check can run anywhere from several dozen to several hundred pages.)

Driver’s License Information: 

(Current)

Name:           ARMANDO J. DOE

State: New York

License Address: 135-23 122nd  ST, SOUTH OZONE PARK, NY 11420-2742

DOB: 05/20/1979

SSN : 123-45-6789

Gender: Male

Ethnicity: WHITE

Expiration Date: 05/20/2016

Issue Date: 03/13/2006

License Type: RENEWAL

License Class: Non-Commercial – Class D

Height: 6’00

Data Source: Governmental

(Previous)

Motor Vehicles Registered To Subject:

Vehicle:

Description: Blue 2001 Nissan Sentra – 4dr Sedan

VIN: 5NING01C8ST000001
Engine: 4 Cylinder 152 Cubic Inch — Gas Powered               State Of Origin: Pennsylvania

Anti Lock Brakes: 4 wheel standard

Air Conditioning: Standard

Daytime Running Lights: Standard

Power Steering: Standard

Power Brakes: Standard

Power Windows: Standard

Security System:  Standard Alarm

Roof: Standard

Price: 16750

Radio: AM/FM CD

Front Wheel Drive: No

Four Wheel Drive: No

Tilt Wheel: Standard

Registrant(s)

Record Type: CURRENT

Name: ARMANDO J. DOE

Address: 135-23 122nd  ST, SOUTH OZONE PARK, NY 11420-2742

DOB: 5/20/1979

Sex: Male

Age: 33

Tag Number: CFD9524

License State: NY

Earliest Registration Date: 6/12/2012

Latest Registration Date: 6/12/2012

Expiration Date: 6/11/2013

License Plate Type: Private

Title Number: 0219856887

Title Issue Date: 6/12/2012

Lien Holder(s)

Company Name: CHASE MANH

Address: 150 PARK PLACE, 23RD FLOOR, NEW YORK, NY 10019

 (Report includes every vehicle ever owned or registered by the subject and all associated tags.)

Concealed Weapons Permit:  (This will include target permits.)

[None Found]

Possible or Previous Work Affiliations:

Name: ARMANDO J. DOE

Title: Manager

SSN: 123-45-6789

Company: ABCDE, LLC.

Address: 158-09 Northern Boulevard, Little Neck, NY  11363-4857

Dates: Dec 21, 2005

Corporate Affiliations:

[None Found]

Professional License(s): 

[None Found]

 FAA Certifications: 

[None Found]

FAA Aircrafts: 

[None Found]

Watercraft: 

[None Found]

Voter Registration:  

Name: ARMANDO J. DOE

Address: 135-23 122nd  ST, SOUTH OZONE PARK, NY 11420-2742

DOB: 5/20/1979

Gender: Male

Ethnicity: White

Political Party: UNDECLARED

State of Registration: New York

Status: ACTIVE

Hunting/Fishing Permit: 

[None Found]

Bankruptcies:

[None Found]

 Liens and Judgments:

[None Found]

UCC Filings: 

[None Found]

Possible Associates:  (Business)

Possible Relative Summary: 

>Immediate Relatives
>> 2nd Degree Relatives & AKAs on Immediate Relatives
>>> 3rd Degree Relatives & AKAs on 2nd Degree Relatives

(This section begins at the grandparents and continues through prior-divorce or death in-laws. Each item contains the person’s name, DOB, DOD, last known address/phone number and their 1st through 3rd degree relatives.  Then we run the subject through EVerify – subject matter for an upcoming article.)

END OF COMPREHENSIVE BACKGROUND CHECK REPORT. 

The above described background report is compiled from many diverse sources including, but not limited to,  governmental (federal, state and local) agencies (SSA, DMVs, DHS…),  consumer credit reporting companies and other reporting affiliates that may be indirectly or second/third-party affiliated to the subject (e.g., guarantor).  This is a low to average security level background check. There is additional research that occurs but the above sample report is representative of a first sweep on a background investigation.

Now we at least have a jumping off point to begin discussing enhanced background checks.  Debate away.

There is more to the above subject profiled than meets the eye.  All of the identifiers have been changed but this is a real background check – minus multiple pages of repetitive and unrelatable information.  Armando’s grandmother’s ex-and now dead- husband won’t make a difference. My point is that a comprehensive background check follows through very carefully and leaves enough markers for the reviewing investigator to pick up on if s/he decides there is reason to dig deeper.  I have trust that the security background search systems in place actually do work and have and will evolve as we meet new technological challenges for those wishing to circumvent their disqualifying past as it relates to gun purchases and in general.

Our operatives: Situationally aware.

As always, stay. safe.

Are You Letting Criminals Into Your Home? Vetting Your Service Person Before He Comes Through Your Front Door.

repairman

Think of all of the repair people who have entered your home.  Did you know them personally?  I doubt it.

Over the course of the past decade, legislation has been introduced – and often passed – to limit an employer’s ability to request a job applicant’s criminal history.  Admittedly, every speeding ticket you’ve received is in some database somewhere and can be found, but how do we as a society balance minor infractions with the right to privacy?  I’m not sure where the balance of publicly available data lies but I do know that every time we let a stranger into our home, we have exposed ourselves to potential danger.  That’s a practical assessment, not fear-mongering, but caution should be second nature to us all.  Unfortunately, life bears out the need for proactive security measures as we sadly witness from the below tragedy:

From the local ABC station:

An exterminator has been found guilty in the murder of a young pediatrician and researcher at Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia.

35-year-old Dr. Melissa Ketunuti had graduated from Stanford University medical school, worked in Botswana and spent about five years at Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia as a physician and researcher.

37-year-old Jason Smith was found guilty of murder and related offenses Wednesday. Police say he was the last person known to have visited her home.

It happened in a row house on the 1700 block of Naudain Street in January of 2013. Police say Smith from Levittown, Pa. ended up strangling Ketunuti and setting her body on fire in the basement.Shortly after he was arrested, Smith gave police a lengthy confession.

He told them Ketunuti confronted him in the basement and started questioning his work. He said he eventually became enraged and started choking her.

One such tragic incident is horrible enough but we all know from news accounts of the many instances of homicides, rapes, theft, etc. that have stemmed from letting strangers into our homes.   Giving strangers access to our homes can hardly be avoided as everyone, sooner or later, will have the need for a repair, delivery or pest removal.  We hope and trust that the stranger has been vetted but why would leave such critical background information gathering in anyone else’s hands or go on faith that the repairman is a good guy – or woman. Also, as more concierge services such as Magic emerge to help us in our busy lives, we’re removed another step from clearly being able to identify service or delivery people coming into our homes.  (Magic operates via text.  Customers text 83489 with a request – for anything from pizza delivery to an electrician service call – and Magic agents coordinate delivery/service via partnered companies.  The service calls are still in beta mode.)

Referring back to the homicide of Dr. Melissa Ketunuti,  in the below video, our friend and renowned security expert/analyst, retired law enforcement and black-belted martial artist, Steve Kardian of Defend University – a women’s self-defense institute in NY, outlines several basics of home security when admitting a service person past the front door:

1. Hire from a reputable and known company.

2. Request the full name and, as is now possible, a text photo of the operative coming to your home.  Check this info against a government photo i.d. – not the company i.d.  Of course, s/he has a government I.D. – didn’t s/he drive to your home?

3. Have someone else in the home with you during the repair appointment.

4. If you can’t have another adult with you during the service call, video and audio record the repair person, transmitting in real time to a remote pc or trusted person. (Many service people may object but remember, this complete stranger now has access to you, your family and your home. Tough.)

5. Run your own criminal background check on the repair person.  (Steve suggests various services such as Intelius that perform criminal history searches.)

In any and all cases, as Steve emphasizes, listen to your instinct.  You should be uncomfortable with a total stranger in your home.  Protect yourself as best possible – that is your only true obligation.

BNI Operatives: Situationally aware.

As always, stay safe.

Federal and State Employer Use of Arrest And Conviction Records.

job application

(From Nolo.)  Given that nearly 65,000,000 Americans have an arrest history, now more than ever we are seeing new laws to address the legal rights of a potential new hire when it comes to his/her criminal history.

There are two current federal protections in place to shield job applicants from discrimination based solely on an arrest and or conviction history. I.e. :

Federal Protections for Applicants With a Criminal Record

– Title VII: Discrimination Based on Criminal Records

Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibits discrimination in every aspect of employment, including screening practices and hiring. Because arrest and incarceration rates are higher for African Americans and Latinos, an employer that adopts a blanket policy of excluding all applicants with a criminal record might be guilty of race discrimination.

– The Fair Credit Reporting Act: Inaccurate Records

The federal Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA) addresses the issue of inaccurate criminal records. Criminal background checks may include errors, such as information on convictions that have been expunged, multiple listings of the same offense, incomplete information (for example, failing to report that the person was exonerated of a crime or that charges were dropped), misclassification of crimes, and even records that belong to someone else entirely.

The FCRA imposes obligations on employers who request criminal background checks and on the firms that provide them. Employers must:

  • Get the applicants written consent ahead of time.
  • Notify the applicant if the employer intends to disqualify him or her based on the contents of the report. The employer must also give the applicant a copy of the report.
  • Give the applicant notice after the employer makes a final decision not to hire him or her based on the information in the report.

Each state also has employment laws on the book in regard to hiring those with a criminal past.

New York Law on Use of Criminal Records

New York gives applicants a number of protections when it comes to employer use of criminal records in making hiring decisions. Employers may not ask about or consider arrests or charges that did not result in conviction, unless they are currently pending, when making hiring decisions. They also may not ask about or consider records that have been sealed or youthful offender adjudications.

Employer with at least ten employees may not refuse to hire an applicant based on a criminal conviction unless hiring the applicant would pose an unreasonable risk to property or to public or individual safety, or the conviction bears a direct relationship to the job. The law defines a “direct relationship” strictly to mean that the nature of the criminal conduct underlying the conviction has a direct bearing on the applicant’s fitness or ability to perform one or more of the duties or responsibilities that are necessary related to the job.

An employer that considers an applicant’s prior conviction must look at these eight factors:

  • the state’s public policy to encourage the hiring of those who have been convicted of crimes
  • the duties and responsibilities that are necessarily related to the job
  • whether the conviction has a bearing on the applicant’s ability to perform those duties and responsibilities
  • how much time has passed since the conviction(s)
  • how old the applicant was at the time of the offense
  • the seriousness of the offense
  • any information the applicant provides about his or her rehabilitation, and
  • the employer’s legitimate interest in protecting property and the safety and welfare of individuals and the public.

An employer who decides not to hire someone based on a criminal conviction must, upon the applicant’s request, provide a written statement of the reasons for the decision. This statement must be provided within 30 days of the request.

Look here for state-by-state hiring regulations and information as they relate to applicants with a criminal history.

BNI Operatives: Situationally aware.

As always, stay safe.

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